Women and HIV….
More than 80% of the HIV infection is transmitted through sexual mode. The risk of infection is more in women than men as there are more surface of exposure in women.
At the end of 2008, women accounted for 50% of all adults living with HIV worldwide. In year 2007 it is estimated that around 2.3 million people in India are living with HIV. Of these estimated 39% are female and 3.5% are children. Some research has indicated that the prevalence HIV infection is more in house wife then that to female sex worker in some part of the country. The same research also indicates that 60% of the married men are unfaithful to their wife. National AIDS Control Organization has found that the average HIV prevalence among women attending antenatal clinics in India is 0.48%. Much higher rates are found among people attending STD clinics (3.6%)
It is always consider important to create awareness and provide HIV/AIDS service accessible to the woman because women are more suppress in our male dominated society and society where HIV infected people are considered morally wrong. In Tibetan demography survey 1998, it is reveal that the sex ratio in Tibetan community in exile was roughly equal, which means it is utterly important to consider providing HIV and AIDS easily assessable for Tibetan women.
Another reason why women are consider more important in the prospective this Health care issue is, one of the major route of HIV transmission is from mother to Child transmission. World Health Organization has estimated 430 000 children were newly infected with HIV from their mother in 2008. This can occur during, before and after birth. This is to advice the entire new mother to go for HIV screening once when there decide to go for motherhood. If you learn that you were infected by HIV before it is too late, you can save your child from this infection. Without treatment, around 15-30% of babies born to HIV positive women will become infected with HIV during pregnancy and delivery. A further 5-20% will become infected through breastfeeding.
- The first step in preventing mother to child transmission is to creating HIV/AIDS awareness to entire section of the society with different approaches like using all the different kind of Mass media.
- The second step is preventing HIV infection among prospective parents in making HIV test and other preventive intervention available in society such as like antenatal and postpartum care.
- Avoiding unwanted pregnancies amount HIV positive. In this HIV positive women needs to be given appropriate counselling and supports in order to enable her to make inform decision about their reproductive lives.
- Preventing the transmission of HIV from HIV positive mother to her child during pregnancy, labour, and breast feeding.
- And integration HIV care , treatment and support for HIV positive women and her families