The global HIV/AIDS estimation, end of 2008
The latest statistics of the global HIV and AIDS were publish by UNAIDS in November 2009, and refer to the end of 2008.
|People living with HIV/AIDS in 2008||33.4 million|
|Adults living with HIV/AIDS in 2008||31.3 million|
|Women living with HIV/AIDS in 2008||15.7 million|
|Children living with HIV/AIDS in 2008||2.1 million|
|People newly infected with HIV in 2008||2.7 million|
|Children newly infected with HIV in 2008||0.43 million|
|AIDS deaths in 2008||2.0 million|
|Child AIDS deaths in 2008||0.28 million|
- More than 25 million people have died of AIDS since 1981.
- Africa has over 14 million AIDS orphans.
- At the end of 2008, women accounted for 50% of all adults living with HIV worldwide
- In developing and transitional countries, 9.5 million people are in immediate need of life-saving AIDS drugs; of these, only 4 million (42%) are receiving the drugs.
The number of people living with HIV has risen from around 8 million in 1990 to 33 million today, and is still growing. Around 67% of people living with HIV are in sub-Saharan Africa.
Indian HIV/AIDS statistic
India has second largest population in the world and more than half of that population are sexually active adults. HIV was first identified in 1986 in prostitute in Chennai. Since then HIV infection has been reported in all the states and Union territories of India.
HIV infection in India is more severe in southern and far north eastern states on the country. The highest prevalence rate are found in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka in the south; and Manipur and Nagaland in the north-east.
In the southern states, HIV is primarily spread through heterosexual (Sexual relationship between opposite sex) contact. Infections in the north-east are mainly found amongst injecting drug user (IDUs) and sex workers.
According to NACO (National Aids Control organisation) there were 1.8 million (2.31million) people living with HIV/AIDS at the end of year 2007. The prevalence rate of HIV infection in the country has stabilized over the last few years.