Other Sexual transmitted disease
How to know if I have an infection
Some people with an STI have few or no symptoms at all, others have very obvious symptoms. Be aware of any changes in your health, or symptoms such as.
- Different or heavier discharge from the vagina
- Discharge from the penis
- A burning feeling when urinating(peeing)
- Itchy feeling around the sex organs or anus
- Sores, particularly in the genital or anal areas
- Appearance of rash
- Swollen glands in the groin.
These symptoms might appear alone, or in combination,
Having a symptom doesn’t mean you do have an STI but if you are having sex and taking chances, you should see a health professional for the check-up. Your health is important, and so is the health of your partner. Remember that some STIs may not cause symptoms.
What are the chances of catching an STI?
You can get an STI from having sex with someone who is infected regardless of ages, background, or sexual orientation.
You have a chance of catching a sexually transmitted infection if:
- You have unprotected oral, virginal or anal sex (without using a condom or if the condom breaks) with a person who may have an infection.
- You partner has or has had a sexually transmitted infection
- You have a new sex partner
- You and your partner has or is having sex with others
- You have sex under the influence of alcohol or drugs
- You share needles or equipment for drugs, body piercing, tattoo, or sex toys or your partners does
If you have taken chances such as having sex without using a condom, please see a doctor or visit public health clinic, and ask for an STI check up. Your health is important, so is the health of your partner. Remember that some STIs may not cause symptoms.
No STI for me!
The only sure way to prevent a sexually transmitted infection is to avoid risky behaviors.
Healthy and safer choices:
- Consider doing other things with your partner, like kissing, caressing and touching, instead of having intercourse
- Use a condom every time – it is the most important things you can do
- Ask yourself, how many partners have I had this year? Am I taking chances?
- IT TAKES TWO! The birth control pill prevents pregnancy, and the condom helps preventing STI.
- The riskiest way of having sex in terms of catching an STI is anal sex (for both males and females) but you can get an STI from vaginal and oral sex as well
- Never share needles or equipment for drugs, tattoos or body piecing
If you think you might have sexually transmitted infection, please see your doctor or go to clinic. All the information you give will be kept private.
How are STIs spread?
STIs can be spread in several ways.
STIs are usually spread through sex because the bacteria or viruses travel in semen, vaginal fluids, and blood. Saliva can spread some STI if you have a tiny cut in or around your mouth.
STI can be spread through direct contract with an infected area.
Infected blood on needles and syringes can spread certain STIs.
Infected women can pass some STIs to their babes during pregnancy, at birth or during breastfeeding.
You can catch some STIs more than once, and you can have more than one STI at a time.
If you are HIV positive and have another of the sexually transmitted infection, you increase your chances to give HIV to your partner.
If you don’t have HIV but have another sexually transmitted infection, you increase your chances of getting HIV from an HIV positive partner.
Many STIs are easily treated, but all can be dangerous if ignored.
To reduce the possibility of spreading STIs or reinfection, sexually activity should be postponed until the treatment has been completed.
For some STIs, like HIV, there is no cure to date.