What is HIV?
HIV simply refers to as Human Immune deficiency virus, this virus is transmitted from a person to another person by body fluid such as Blood, semen, virginal fluid, breast milk and other body fluids that contain blood. Unlike those viruses that remain in our body for smaller period of time, this virus is chronic and remains in our body for longer period of time.
Over the time HIV will gradually destroy our body’s immune system, the system which helps our body to fight against infections. When HIV infection weakens our immune system, our body is unable to protect itself. This is why people living with HIV are vulnerable to other illness.
What is AIDS?
|AIDS stands for
Acquired - Not born
Immune - Body’s defence system
Deficiency - Not working properly
Syndrome - a group of signs and symptoms
As according to its name, AIDS is not a single disease but a syndrome- a set of diseases, which result from the destruction of the body’s defence system by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
In a healthy individual, infection and cancers are kept away by a variety of defenders in the body called immune system. These defenders are at work every day. Recognizing the foreign bodies (like bacteria, virus and etc) then fighting them with array of cell and by producing specific chemicals called antibodies which neutralise the foreign bodies.
As HIV course damages the immune system, the antibodies detected in the blood of the carrier of the HIV are effective in halting the damage caused by the virus, which may be present in large number in the body. Therefore, the body cannot be protected against other infections and cancers, some of which then form the direct cause to death. Because of the way that the virus infects cells, developing a cure or vaccine is extremely difficult.